3Dfx interactive

3Dfx interactive

Founded in 1994. Sold to nVidia at December 15, 2000.
Focused on game cards.

1st card - Voodoo 1 4-6MB PCI, last card - Voodoo 5 5500 64MB AGP2x

Usefull links...
www.3dfx.cz www.3dfxzone.it Wikipedia
Youtube channel 3Dfx oral history (2hours interview with engineers) LGR Tech Tales

3Dlabs Inc. Ltd.

3Dlabs Inc. Ltd.

Founded in April 1994 by buying DuPont Pixel (graphic division - mostly SPARC) from DuPont.
Focused on high-end-profi chips and graphic cards.
1st chip - GLINT 300SX, last card - Wildcat Realizm 800
In 1998 buys Dynamic Pictures, in 2000 Intense3D from Intergraph and in 2002 is sold to Creative Labs.

On February 24th 2006, 3DLABS refocused its business and stopped developing its workstation graphics cards for the PC and announced it would focus on its new DMS™ low-power media-rich application processors.

3dlabs.com wikipedia

Acer Inc.

Acer Inc.

Founded in 1976
Focused on desktops, notebooks, monitors.

Usefull links: Wikipedia

Advanced Micro Devices inc.

Advanced Micro Devices inc.

Founded in May 1 1969. Merged with ATi in 2006.
Focused on Microprocessors.

Usefull links: www.amd.com Wikipedia

Alliance Semiconductor

Alliance Semiconductor

Founded in 1985. Focused on memory technologies.
1st card - unknown, last card - aT25

Usefull links...

Homepage  Wikipedia

Apple Inc.

Apple Inc.

Founded in April 1, 1976
Focused on computer hardware, software, consumer electronics
1st card - Video Graphics Controller - VGC (32kB - 1986) - Apple IIGS, last card - Valkyrie-AR (1MB - 1996) - PowerMac 5400/6400.

In this category are also cards from other makers (not only from Apple) used on various Apple platforms.

www.apple.com wikipedia my apple chips research

ARK Logic, Inc.

ARK Logic, Inc.

Founded in 1993. Ended production in 1999.
 ARK Logic was a leading provider of integrated 2D and 3D graphics/video accelerators for Personal Computers. Since being founded in early 1993, ARK Logic has introduced a series of industry leading graphics accelerators. Our technology has been incorporated in products from Diamond Multimedia, Hercules and a large number of overseas manufacturers. All design and development is performed at our San Jose facilities. ARK has enjoyed early financial success and is further supported by its majority share holder Integrated Circuit Systems (NASDAQ: ICST). ARK Logic is otherwise privately held.

Tiger 3D datasheet (never released)

ATI Technologies Inc.

ATI Technologies Inc.

Founded in August 20 1985. Merged with AMD in 2006.
Focused on whole market.


1st card - 1985 - Color Emulation Card
Last card: ATi Radeon HD5970 - 2009 (after that, cards rebranded as AMD)

Usefull links...
www.ati.com www.omegadrivers.net Wikipedia Card list from 1997 Rage identify legend

Avance Logic, Inc.

Avance Logic, Inc.

Founded in 1991.
Focused on low-cost video playback market.
Sold to Realtek in 1995.

Cirrus Logic Inc.

Cirrus Logic Inc.

Founded in 1984.
Focused on low-end/mainstream 2D and mobile chips.

1st card - unknown, last card - CL-GD7556? (NB)

Usefull links...
www.cirrus.com  Wikipedia

Compaq Computer Corp.

Compaq Computer Corp.

 

 

Founded in 1982. Merged with HP in 2001.
Focused on personal computers.

Usefull links: Wikipedia

Diamond Multimedia

Diamond Multimedia

Founded in 1982. Name changed to Diamond Multimedia Systems Inc. in ~1994. In 1999 merged with S3. In 2003 sold to Best Data and starts selling cards again.
Cards are sorted by name and date mean release of card, not chipset powering it. Category covers mostly Palcal's Diamond cards collection.

Links: Diamond Wikipedia

Gemini Technology Inc.

Founded in 1984. In 1990 sold to Seiko.
Focused on low-cost.
1st card - VC-001

Genoa Systems Corp.

Genoa Systems Corp.

Founded in 1984.
Focused on 2D mainstream.

1st card - Super EGA (GN006001) 1987
Usefull links: Old Genoa site

Headland Technology Inc.

Headland Technology Inc.

Founded in 1989 by merging Video Seven (1983) and G2 (1987) as division of LSI Logic's Standard Products Group. In 1993 sold to SPEA.
Focused on 2D mainstream.

1st card - HT205
Usefull links: Infoworld

Hewlett-Packard

Hewlett-Packard

Founded in January 1, 1939
Focused on various computer systems and printers.

Usefull links: Wikipedia

Hitachi, Ltd.

Hitachi, Ltd.

Founded in 1910
Focused on the semiconductor industry.
1st card - probably HD6845

HMC (Hualon Microelectronics Corp.)

HMC (Hualon Microelectronics Corp.)

Founded in 1987
Focused on computer components & peripherals
1st card - HM6311 ?

Chips&Technologies Inc.

Chips&Technologies Inc.

Founded in 1984. Bought by Intel in 1997. Sold to Asiliant Technologies in 2000.
Focused on mobile graphics.
1st card - 82C431+82C432+82C433+82C434 (256kB - 1985) - 1st non IBM EGA chipset
last card - 69030 (4MB - 1999)

Usefull links: Company History

Intel Corp.

Intel Corp.

Founded in 1968.
Focused on microprocessors.
1st card - 82720 512kB 1983

Usefull links: Chronological list of Intel products.

IBM

IBM

Founded in June 16, 1911
Focused on corporate computer systems and software.

Usefull links: Wikipedia

Intergraph Corp.

Intergraph Corp.

Founded in 1969 as M&S Computing Inc. In 1980 renamed to Intergraph Corporation. In 2000 sold graphic division Intense3D to 3DLabs.
Focused on highend worstations and graphics.
Links: Company history (PDF) Corporate history (1999)

Macronix International Co., LTD

Macronix International Co., LTD

Founded in 1989. Leaving graphics market in 1998.
Focused on lowend.
1st card - MX86000?, last card - MX86251?

Matrox

Matrox


Founded in 1976 - short company info
Focused on profi 2D cards.
1st card - Matrox Video RAM

Introduced as 1st:
1979 - 1st multimonitor single card Matrox Quad Video
1986 - 1st 3D accelerator card for PC - SM-640
1993 - 1st 64bit card Matrox Impression

Motorola

Motorola


Founded in September 25, 1928.
Focused on various integrated circuit, telecommunications.

NCR Corp.

NCR Corp.

Founded in 1884 Dayton USA
Focused on self-service kiosks, point-of-sale terminals, automated teller machines, check processing systems, barcode scanners.

Links: www.ncr.com Wikipedia Company history

NEC Corp.

NEC Corp.

Founded in July 17, 1899 (Tokyo, Japan).
Focused on the semiconductor industry.

NeoMagic Corporation

NeoMagic Corporation

Founded in summer 1993. First chipset - MagicGraph128 (January 1996). In April 20, 2000 leaving graphics markets.
Focused on highly integrated mobile graphics.
Links: Wikipedia Neomagic

Number Nine Visual Technology

Number Nine Visual Technology

Founded in 1982. In December 1999 sold to S3. Ended production in 2000.
Focused on profi 2D.

1st chipset - Imagine 128, last chipset - Ticket to Ride IV (Revolution IV).
Introduced as 1st:
1983 - first high resolution graphics (1024x768) card (Number Nine Graphics System) for the PC.
1984 - world's first 256 color graphics controller card (Revolution 512x8), world's first "true-color - 16.7 million colors" graphics card (Revolution 512x32) for the PC.
1994 - world's first 128-bit graphics solution (Imagine)
Links: Company History  Revolution 512x32 manual (scanned by Jim Cox)

NVIDIA Corporation

NVIDIA Corporation

Founded in 1993.
Focused on game & profi cards.
1st card - NV1 (1995)

Usefull links: List of all tech demos Video acceleration info

Oak Technology

Oak Technology

Founded in 1987. Sold to Zoran Corporation in 2003.
Focused on lowend.
1st chipset - 037C?, last chipset - Warp 5 (unreleased - specs).
Links: Wikipedia

Realtek Semiconductor Corp.

Realtek Semiconductor Corp.

Founded in 1987. Buys Avance Logic in 1995. Leaving graphics market around 1997.
Focused on audio, network and lowend graphics.
1st chipset - RTG3101, last chipset - RTG3105iEH
Links: Wikipedia Realtek(1996)

Rendition, Inc.

Rendition, Inc.

Founded in January 1993. In 1998 sold to Micron.
Focused on low cost 3D graphics solutions for personal computers.
1st card - Vérité 1000, last card - Vérité V4400E (unreleased)

Links: Wikipedia

S3 Graphics

S3 Graphics

Founded in January 1989. Sold to VIA in 2000.
Focused on 2D and game cards. 1st card - 86c911 1MB ISA
Usefull links: www.s3graphics.com Wikipedia

Silicon Graphics, Inc.

Silicon Graphics, Inc.

Founded in 1981. Bankrupt in May 2009.
Focused on High-performance computing, visualization and storage.
1st card - IRIS Graphics (1983), last card - InfiniteReality 4 (16GB - 2002)
Links: Wikipedia sgistuff SGI Tech

Sigma Designs, Inc.

Sigma Designs, Inc.

Founded in 1982. Focused on SoC (System-on-a-chip) and video decoders.
1st card - unknown
Links: Wikipedia Sigma

SiS (Silicon Integrated Systems Corp.)

SiS (Silicon Integrated Systems Corp.)

Founded in 1987. Focused on chipsets and lowcost graphics. 1st card - 86C12?
Graphic division spins off and in June 2003 is founded XGI. XGI then buys graphic part of Trident. In 10/2010 buys SiS whole XGI back.
Links: SiS Wikipedia

STMicroelectronics

STMicroelectronics

Founded in 1957 as Società Generale Semiconduttori, in 1987 renamed to SGS-Thomson.
Focused on Integrated circuits for specific applications, memory (including EEPROM), microcontrollers, transistors, smartcards.
Links: ST Micro Wikipedia

Sun Microsystems, Inc.

Sun Microsystems, Inc.

 

Founded on February 24, 1982. In January 27, 2010 acquired by Oracle Corporation.
Focused on computer servers and workstations.

Links: Sun Wikipedia

Tamarack Microelectronic Inc.

Tamarack Microelectronic Inc.

Founded in 1987. In August 2002 merged with IC Plus.
Focused on early graphic chips and lan.

Texas Instruments Graphics Architecture (TIGA)

Texas Instruments Graphics Architecture (TIGA)

Various cards based on Texas Instruments Graphics Architecture (TIGA) chips TMS34010 (1986) and TMS34020 (1988).
Dates in articles means release date of card, not chipset. Texas Instruments was founded in 1951. Aimed at design and making DSP and semiconductors.
Links: Wikipedia Promo video Multimedia article 

Trident Microsystems Inc.

Trident Microsystems Inc.

Founded in 1987. Graphics division sold to XGI in 2003. Bankrupted in 2012.
Focused on lowend graphic chips and since 2003 on TV chipsets.
Links: Wikipedia

Tseng Labs, Inc.

Tseng Labs, Inc.

Founded in 1983. Sold to ATI in 1997.
Focused on 2D highend.
1st card - UltraPAK (ET1000), last card - ET6100.
Links: Wikipedia Polish fan site (with drivers) Company info

UDL

No information found.

UMC (Unicorn Microelectronics Corp.)

UMC (Unicorn Microelectronics Corp.)

Founded in 198? in USA. Sold to UMC (United Microelectronics Corporation) in 198?.
Focused on lowend 2D.

Weitek Corp.

Weitek Corp.

Founded in 1981. Sold to Rockwell Semiconductor Systems in 1996.
Focused on CPU and FPU.
Links: Wikipedia

Western Digital Corp.

Western Digital Corp.


Founded April 23, 1970. In 1986 buys Paradise Systems, inc. In 1995 Paradise graphics division sold to Philips.
Focused on HDD, earlier also on controllers.
Links: Wikipedia Product overview1988 (PDF)

Winbond Electronics Corp.

Winbond Electronics Corp.

Founded in 1987.
Focused on Semiconductors.
Links: Wikipedia W9970CF specs

Yamaha Corporation

Yamaha Corporation

Founded in 1887.
Focused on early 2D and mobile chipsets.
Links: Wikipedia Specs: YGV603 YGV610 YGV611 YGV612

NonPC cards

Various NonPC cards sorted by name.

Professional Cards 2D

Various professional cards used for 2D graphics. Date means release of card, not chip powering it.

Professional Cards 3D

Various professional cards used for 3D graphics. Date means release of card, not chip powering it.

Other cards

Various cards sorted by name.

Chipsets

Chipsets

Various chipsets with integrated graphics sorted by name.

Frame grabbers & decoders

Various cards with frame grabbing and video decoding devices.